Edith Madeira (1865-1951) served as the chief nurse for the American Red Cross Commission to Palestine during World War I.
The folder contains Madeira's "Report for Nursing Services," a sixteen-page report detailing the daily medical activities of nursing, medical, and social services staff from June to September 1918. This folder also contains a concise summary of Madeira's work in Palestine, as well as a typed memoir of Madeira's work and personal experiences in South Africa, Ceylon, Egypt, and Palestine. Madeira spent weeks traveling around South Africa and wrote pages describing her impressions of the native populations and their relationships with the ruling classes in cities such as Cape Town and Durban. Madeira also includes painstaking details of the nurses' work in Palestine at the Russian Hospital, the Turkish Municipal Hospital, the Children's and the Infectious Hospitals of Jerusalem, the small hospital at Ramleh, and the refugee camps of Wadi Surah. In addition, Madeira colorfully describes the social mores of the local peoples and the arid conditions of Palestine. Her memoir also includes details of social and religious events she attended while in Palestine.