Frank Johnson portrait

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Portrait (lithograph from a daguerreotype, 1846) of Francis "Frank" Johnson (1792-1844), an African-American musician and composer.  Johnson was born in Martinique in the West Indies and moved to Philadelphia around 1809, where he became well-known as the leader of a dance orchestra.  His compositions include cotillions, quadrilles, marches, arrangements of operatic arias, and songs, sentimental and patriotic.  Johnson's Military Band of African-American musicians notably played for various military regiments and also supplied the majority share of the music performed during the celebrations of General Lafayette's triumphant return to Philadelphia in 1824.